All articles

All articles

Why does Tunisia Still Criminalize Homosexuality?


While Tunisia has taken meaningful steps towards protecting civil and political rights, the country’s LGBTIQ community still faces numerous forms of systemic discrimination and stigmatization.

By Ramy Khouili, Daniel Levine-Spound

Toward a Global Treaty on Plastic Waste

Plastic pollution is a defining problem of our time - and one entirely of our own making. But how do we solve it? This article proposes a possible solution: a comprehensive, binding, and forward-looking global plastics treaty.

By Lili Fuhr

“We’ll always have Paris”

At the UN’s COP 22 climate conference in Marrakech, the international community closed ranks despite (or perhaps because of?) the election of Donald Trump as the next U.S. president. Thanks to its swift ratification by currently more than 110 countries, negotiations on the technical implementation of the Paris Agreement could begin. The pace must increase significantly, however, if the 1.5°C limit is still to be met.

By Lili Fuhr, Liane Schalatek, Simon Ilse

80 Gigawatts of Change: Egypt’s Future Electricity Pathways

The Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights (ECESR) in partnership with Heinrich Böll Stiftung (North Africa Office) launches “80 Gigawatts of Change, Egypt’s Future Electricity Pathways”, the first report of its kind to be modeled and analyzed by civil society. ‘80 GWs’ models how Egypt’s electricity sector could look in 20 years’ time if technical, social and environmental constraints and community impacts are taken into account.

Civil society under pressure – shrinking – closing – no space

A disconcerting trend has been perceptible for quite some time. Governments across all continents – irrespective of their political orientation – are taking drastic action against civil society actors: against non-governmental organizations, social and ecological activists, women’s rights activists and human rights advocates. The space for actors who are critical of government policies, who call for democracy and human rights, who take an active stand against large-scale projects, and who protest against social injustice, land grabbing and environmental degradation is shrinking.

Rana Alaa & Yaseen Abdel-Ghaffar: The Solar Energy Start-up Scene in Egypt

  The word “energy” derives from the Greek words “en” and “ergon” which mean “in” and “work.” The meaning of the word fits perfectly with the nature of energy as a phenomenon. As humans trot this globe contributing to its technological advancement and urbanization, they increase in number and work more. The larger the number of people, the more energy they consume, for energy is a vital commodity as essential as food and water. Furthermore, energy is no stranger to the stress-nexus where energy, food and water resources are at a risk of falling short of rising demand. Hence,it is without doubt that energy is and will always be in demand, and a lot of high-density spots on Earth are suffering from the downsides of an energy crisis. Egypt being a developing country with a notable population spurt heads the curve of locations that suffer from an energy deficit.

New Cities are Unsustainable - written by Yahia Shawkat

Of Egypt’s built environment, New Cities are possibly the largest drain on the country's limited energy resources.  Since the seventies our government has been building massive cities in desert locations with the aim of diverting population growth there. However, thirty years and millions of tons of cement, steel and bitumen later, they are either vacant 'ghost towns' or inefficiently utilised. In this article we will look at some of the major inefficiencies and causes for energy concerns that New Cities bring up.

By Yahia Shawkat

Monetizing Nature: Taking Precaution on a Slippery Slope

This article by Barbara Unmüßig was first published by the Great Transition Initiative online Forum. The Great Transition Initiative is an  forum of ideas and an international network for the critical exploration of concepts, strategies, and visions for a transition to a future of enriched lives, human solidarity, and a resilient biosphere. The HBS North Africa- Tunis Office decided to publish it in this section as a crontribution describing agruments on monetizing Nature debate worlwide.


Karem Yehia: No dreams for Egypt’s working class

Egypt first declared May 1 an official holiday 50 years ago. That same year, on May 1, 1964, three workers were born — Ahmed Mahmoud from the Public Transportation Authority, Ali Aref from the Steam Boilers and Hesham Abu Zaid from the Tanta Flax factory.