Blackbox Libyen - Hintergrundinformationen für Einsteiger

Acht Jahre nach dem Sturz von Muammar Gaddafi tobt in Libyen ein Stellvertreterkrieg.

Im Süden der Hauptstadt Tripolis stehen sich die Libysche Nationale Armee (LNA) von Feldmarschall Khalifa Haftar und Milizen der Übergangsregierung von Fayiz Al Sarradsch gegenüber. Am 8. April, wenige Tage vor einer geplanten UN-Friedenskonferenz, hatte Haftar seinen Soldaten, die mehrheitlich aus Ostlibyen kommen, den Sturm auf Tripolis befohlen.

Perspectives Issue #15 - Unboxing the Game: the Obvious & the Obscure


Politics are brimming with metaphoric references to games – be it the famous “Great Game” as the diplomatic confrontation of great powers in Asia at the beginning of the 20th century was referred to, the understanding of strategic moves in a region as a “chess board,” war “theatres” or references to the “players,” the strong of them framed as “actors,” the weak as “pawns”, or the crazy ones behaving like “wild cards.”

Perspectives #14 - Minorities Beyond Ethnic and Religious Divides


Put ‘Minorities in the Middle East’ into any search engine and a huge volume of articles are displayed insinuating that ethnic, tribal, family and sectarian affiliations are the only relevant factors needed to aid an understanding of the politics and societies of the Maghreb and Mashreq. Be it the often praised ‘mosaic’ of multi-ethnic and multi-religious societies, or the explanation and anticipation of actual and potential conflicts in the Middle East, that are shaped by ethnic, tribal or confessional affiliations, the reading has a flavour of exoticism and orientalism. So for this issue of Perspectives, we decided to ask authors in a broader sense about minority-majority relationships that can, but do not necessarily have to, tackle ethnic or confessional subjects.

Bienvenue à hbs Tunis!

Bourses / Studienwerk

Le siège de la Fondation Heinrich Böll offre des bourses d'études aux étudiant-e-s internationaux et aux doctorant-e-s. La période de candidature de cette année est déjà terminée. A partir de début 2020, les étudiant-e-s internationaux et les doctorant-e-s pourront à nouveau faire une demande de bourse au Studienwerk (service d'études) de la Fondation Heinrich Böll. Notre fondation encourage des étudiant-e-s de l'Afrique du Nord à postuler. Le site suivant vous donnera des informations plus détaillées.

Egalement vous pouvez vous adresser au site du siège de la fondation.

Nous avons le plaisir de vous introduire le nouveau livre scientifique "Comprendre la Politique Internationale" en langue arabe. Ce livre était rédigé par Bernhard Stahl, professeur d'études à l'université de Passau en Allemagne. Pour avoir accès au livre, veuillez consulter le lien suivant.

Toward a Global Treaty on Plastic Waste

Plastic pollution is a defining problem of our time - and one entirely of our own making. But how do we solve it? This article proposes a possible solution: a comprehensive, binding, and forward-looking global plastics treaty.

By Lili Fuhr

“We’ll always have Paris”

At the UN’s COP 22 climate conference in Marrakech, the international community closed ranks despite (or perhaps because of?) the election of Donald Trump as the next U.S. president. Thanks to its swift ratification by currently more than 110 countries, negotiations on the technical implementation of the Paris Agreement could begin. The pace must increase significantly, however, if the 1.5°C limit is still to be met.

By Lili Fuhr, Liane Schalatek, Simon Ilse

Why does Tunisia Still Criminalize Homosexuality?


While Tunisia has taken meaningful steps towards protecting civil and political rights, the country’s LGBTIQ community still faces numerous forms of systemic discrimination and stigmatization.

By Ramy Khouili, Daniel Levine-Spound

Civil society under pressure – shrinking – closing – no space

A disconcerting trend has been perceptible for quite some time. Governments across all continents – irrespective of their political orientation – are taking drastic action against civil society actors: against non-governmental organizations, social and ecological activists, women’s rights activists and human rights advocates. The space for actors who are critical of government policies, who call for democracy and human rights, who take an active stand against large-scale projects, and who protest against social injustice, land grabbing and environmental degradation is shrinking.