Articles en anglais

Ecology and Resource Politics

The New Tunisian Constitution: A Reading into the Rights of Future Generations

The very concept of the rights of “future generations” poses a fundamental question of law: who are the holders and beneficiaries of rights? If the law is customarily for specified holders of rights, the idea of a beneficiary who does not exist, or who may come into existence in the future, challenges the basis of the law. What rights must be guaranteed to those who do not yet exist? And who will guarantee and implement them? The Tunisian Constitution of January 27, 2014 includes the concept of future generations, as well as the means for regulating that concept on a number of levels.

By Wahid al Farshishi

Coal Atlas: Facts and figures on a fossil fuel

The Coal Atlas is available in a printed version, in PDF, epub, mobi format and as an online dossier. All graphics and texts are under the open Creative Commons license CC-BY-SA: You can share and adapt the work in compliance with these conditions. All graphics can be found in different formats and can be downloaded here.

80 Gigawatts of Change: Egypt’s Future Electricity Pathways

The Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights (ECESR) in partnership with Heinrich Böll Stiftung (North Africa Office) launches “80 Gigawatts of Change, Egypt’s Future Electricity Pathways”, the first report of its kind to be modeled and analyzed by civil society. ‘80 GWs’ models how Egypt’s electricity sector could look in 20 years’ time if technical, social and environmental constraints and community impacts are taken into account.

International Politics

E-Paper Series Egypt: "Stability is an illusion"

After the euphoria of 2011, terrorism threats and the urge to seal Europe's southern border against migration and refugees has put security and stability back to the top of the foreign policy agenda. Yet the stability that comes with repression and «hard» security remains elusive. Support for democracy should move away from top-down approaches geared to achieve formal compliance with legal and governance benchmarks, and instead focus on increasing the autonomy and plurality of social actors. Democracy promotion should be a rationale for cooperation that is oriented towards societies, not rhetoric directed at governments.

Democracy & Transition

Civil society under pressure – shrinking – closing – no space

A disconcerting trend has been perceptible for quite some time. Governments across all continents – irrespective of their political orientation – are taking drastic action against civil society actors: against non-governmental organizations, social and ecological activists, women’s rights activists and human rights advocates. The space for actors who are critical of government policies, who call for democracy and human rights, who take an active stand against large-scale projects, and who protest against social injustice, land grabbing and environmental degradation is shrinking.

By Barbara Unmüßig

International Politics

Tunisian Elections 2014

Long-Term Election Observation (LTO) Project with Mourakiboun

In 2014, the year of the first elections based on the new constitution, the Heinrich Böll Foundation is committed to supporting the electoral process in partnership with Mourakiboun. Guided by the principles of impartiality and transparency, 81 Long Term Observers (LTOs) cover 27 Tunisian electoral cironscriptions in order to monitor and evaluate activities by the electoral commission (ISIE) and political actors such as political parties.
This article describes HBS partner Mourakiboun, explains the project of long-term election observation and gives insides into the Tunisian electoral process 2014.
By Simon Ilse

Dossier: Presidential Elections in Egypt 2014

Sarah Carr: The army and the people: On becoming one hand

On the first, still jubilant, day of the 2014 presidential elections a group of women had gathered outside a polling station in the leafy, affluent district of Heliopolis.

They sang and danced to Boshret Kheyr (good news), the song that has become the theme tune of this ballot and which is a spirited pop song that name drops Egypt's governorates and encourages their residents to go to the polls. Next to the women a man sold badges bearing the image of presidential candidate and former field marshal, the middle aged heart throb Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.

I bought a badge, for my Egyptian political tumult memorabilia collection. The vendor asked me if I wanted another one, at a special discount. I declined, because one Sisi is more than enough.

A woman voter coming out of the polling station had a similar sort of view. A journalist colleague asked her who she had voted for. She looked at me in genuine bafflement, as if to say, who is this idiot?

"I voted for Sisi, of course. Who else is there?" she said.

Amr Adly: Structural crises that have become pressing‬‬‬‬

The continuous political turmoil Egypt has seen since January 2011 and the resulting decline in the annual growth rate to a level near recession have turned many of the chronic structural defects of the country’s economy into urgent and pressing crises. Egypt is currently dependent on foreign aid and loans, primarily from the Arab Gulf countries, to cover basic expenditures. This arrangement addresses the short-term only while failing totally in tacking the longer-term question of economic recovery.

Karem Yehia: No dreams for Egypt’s working class

Egypt first declared May 1 an official holiday 50 years ago.

That same year, on May 1, 1964, three workers were born — Ahmed Mahmoud from the Public Transportation Authority, Ali Aref from the Steam Boilers and Hesham Abu Zaid from the Tanta Flax factory.

Production at both the Steam Boilers and the Tanta Flax factory is currently stalled. They are among eight companies that courts restored from the corruption of privatization after the January 25 revolution. But the successive governments following the fall of former President Hosni Mubarak’s regime did not implement the court ruling, and so the workers sit idle.

Get to know the Heinrich Boell Stiftung

in this interactive show.

About Heinrich Böll

Heinrich BöllPhoto: Toni Richter. More about Heinrich Böll on the Berlin website

Heinrich Böll is one of the most important and best-known writers of the Federal Republic of Germany. "Bound by the times and my contemporaries, to what my generation has lived through, experienced, seen, and heard," as he himself wrote, he was the critical chronicler of Germany’s history at mid-century.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for his novels and short stories in 1972.

The courage to stand up for one's beliefs; encouragement to meddle in public affairs; and unconditional activism in support of dignity and human rights were characteristics of the writer Heinrich Böll. The Foundation is committed to that tradition.


Energy Transition - The global Energiewende